Enhancing bulk superconductivity by engineering granular materials

DIPC Seminars

Antonio M. Garcia-Garcia, Cavendish Lab., Cambridge and Univ. Lisboa
Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC).Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal, 4, Donostia
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Enhancing bulk superconductivity by engineering granular materials "Enhancing bulk superconductivity by engineering granular materials" Antonio M. Garcia-Garcia CM Group, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, and CFIF, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal The quest for higher critical temperatures is one of the main driving forces in the field of superconductivity. Recent theoretical and experimental results indicate that quantum size effects in isolated nano-grains can boost superconductivity with respect to the bulk limit. Here [1] we explore the optimal range of parameters that lead to an enhancement of the critical temperature in a large three dimensional array of these superconducting nano-grains by combining mean-field, semiclassical and percolation techniques. We identify a broad range of parameters for which the array critical temperature can be up to a few times greater than the one in the the non-granular bulk limit. This prediction, valid only for conventional superconductors, takes into account an experimentally realistic distribution of grain sizes in the array, charging effects, dissipation by quasiparticles and limitations related to the proliferation of thermal fluctuations for sufficiently small grains. For small resistances we find the transition is percolation driven. Whereas at larger resistances the transition occurs above the percolation threshold due to phase fluctuations. [1] J. Mayoh, A. M. Garcia-Garcia, arXiv:1311.0295.