Unveiling elusive physical phenomena in van der Waals systems via the valley Zeeman effect

CFM Seminars

Paulo-Eduardo Faria-Junior
Paulo-Eduardo Faria-Junior, Univ. Regensburg, Germany
Auditorium: Centro de Fisica de Materiales
Ivo Souza
Add to calendar
Subscribe to Newsletter
Unveiling elusive physical phenomena in van der Waals systems via the valley Zeeman effect

The interplay of the spin and the orbital angular momenta of electrons, holes, and their correlated excitonic states, governs the observed Zeeman splitting, which is often described by effective g-factors. In the realm of 2D materials, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) host robust exciton features and are ideal candidates to explore the manifestation of coupled spin, valley, and orbital degrees of freedom under external magnetic fields. this talk, I will cover the basic physics behind the valley Zeeman splitting and effective g-factors, emphasizing the recent first-principles developments in monolayer TMDCs that faithfully reproduce the available experimental data[1], offering robust predictive capabilities. These new theoretical insights demystify the valley Zeeman physics in TMDCs and finally establish a connection to the vast existing knowledge in the area of III-V materials. Using this full ab initio approach, I will discuss how the spin-valley physics and exciton g-factors can be used to unveil elusive physical phenomena in TMDC-based van der Waals systems. Particularly, I will focus on three different examples: (i) the phonon-mediated exciton hybridization in strained WS2 systems[2], (ii) the valley Zeeman splitting of dipolar excitons in MoSe2/WSe2 under external electric fields[3], and (iii) the proximity-enhanced valley Zeeman effects in WS2/graphene systems[4]. These selected examples demonstrate how the microscopic nuances of the valley Zeeman physics reveal elusive physical phenomena in van der Waals materials and heterostructures that are particularly relevant to the fields valleytronics, straintronics, and twistronics.

[1] Wozniak, Faria Junior et al., PRB (Editors' Suggestion) 101, 235408 (2020).
[2] Blundo, Faria Junior et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 067402 (2022).
[3] Faria Junior, Fabian, Nanomaterials 13, 1187 (2023).
[4] Faria Junior et al., 2D Mater. 10, 03400 (2023).